In some cases of infertility , surgery may be useful to overcome the problem.

Laparoscopic surgery is used to remove a hydrosalpinx, for adhesiolysis and in cases of endometriosis.

Hysteroscopic surgery is the treatment of choice the presence of intrauterine polyp or myoma , to restore the endometrial carity in Asherman syndrome and in cases of congenital anomalies of the uterus.